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SIEM REAP - ANGKOR WAT, located in Southeast Asia, is the major cultural tourism attraction in Cambodia. Siem Reap town is located 314 km northwest of Phnom Penh, and can be reached all year round by direct flights from many major cities in the region including Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh, Vientian, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur. Now there are around 10 direct flights per day to Siem Reap, and more direct international flights planned for the near future. Siem Reap can also be reached via domestic flights and speed boat from Phnom Penh city.
Traveling by road from Phnom Penh and from Poi Pet to Siem Reap is also becoming popular.

The first half of 12th century : King Suryavarman II. The largest of the Angkor group and one of the most intact, is an architectural masterpiece. Its perfection in composition, balance, proportions, relief¡¯s and sculpture make it one of the finest monuments in the world. This temple is and expression of Khmer art at its highest point of development. Some believe Angkor Wat was designed by Divakarapandita, the chief adviser and minister of the king, who was a Brahmin with divine honours.

The Khmers attribute the building of Angkor Wat to the divine architect Visvakar man. Construction probably began early in the reign of Suryavarman II and because his name appears posthumously in the bas relief's and inscriptions it is believed thatAngkor Wat was completed after his death. The estimatedtime for construction of the temple is about 30 year.

Middle 12th AD: Jayavarman VII "The citadel of the cells". The temple was built as a Budddhist monastic temple by Jayavarman VII and was undoubtedly an importan temple. It is unknown to whom was this temple was dedicated as the inscription stone has never been found. During the Pol Pot area the temple was used as a hospital.

End of 12th century: Jayavarman VII. "Thee Entwined Nag". Build as an island, 350meter square, at the center of the baray of Preah Khan, at the center which a large basin has its center a circular basin at each side are connected by gargoyles which disgorge into small sanctuaries in a form which replicates the sacred lake of Anavatapta in Himalaya, venerated for his power of healing.

Late 12th century: Jayavarman VII. The Bayon vie with Angkor Wat as he favorite monument among visitors. The temple was build nearly 100 year after Angkor Wat. While its basic structure and earliest part of the temple are unknown, it is clear that the Bayon was built on top of an earlier monument, that the temple was not built at one time, and that it underwent a series of changes. The Bayon of today with his huge central tower dates to the 13th century and belongs toe the third phase of the art style.

Was constructed early 11th Century by King Suryavarman II. Located 63 Km east of Siem Reap town. It is sprawling jungle temple covering over one square kilometer. The tmple is largely overrun by vegetation and very lightly touristed, giving it an adventurous, "lost temple" feel.

King Rajendravarman II, The East Mebon and its neighbor Pre Rup were build by the same king, just mine years apart and are similar in plan, construction and decoration. A major deference , however, is that the East Mebon once stood on a small island in the middle of the Eastern Baray, which was a large body of water(2 by 7Kms) fed by the Siem Reap river. The only access was by boat to one of the four landing platforms, situated at the mid-points on each of four sides of the temple. Today, The Baray, once a resource of water irrigation, is left to imagine the original majesty of this temple in the middle of a large lake.

Historical Sites and Buildings, Locates at Dokpor village, Khun Ream Commune, Banteay Srei District, 50 km (1h) From Provincial Town.

Koulen Mountain locates at Districts of Svay Len and Va Rin in 48-kilometer distance from the provincial town of Siem Reap by Short-cut or in 50-kilometer distance from the provincial town of Siem Reap via Charles De Gaulle Road, small circle, big circle, Preah Dak, Road A66, then turning to the Malaysian Developed Road.

Built by Jayavarman VII in memory of his father. It is a royal city forming a rectangle of 700 by 800 meters surrounded by a moat and similar to Ta Prohm,but with only four enclosures. Opening to the east to a baray ( at the center of which is Neak Pean ) via terrace originally used as a boat landing. The large stele, discovered in 1939, tells us that the temple was dedicated to king's father. It also refers to the small stone building within the fourth enclosure to the east as " a house of fire" ? perhaps for visiting pilgrims. The many holes in the central tower could perhaps havebeen used to fix a bronze paneling.

Early 11th century : Rajendravarman II. The temple, located inside the Royal Palace compound, was the temple where the king worshipped. It must originally have been crowned with a golden pinnacle, as the Chinese travelers, Zhou Daguan, described it as the "Tower of Gold". This temple is associated with a legend that tells of a gold tower inside the Royal Palace of Angkor the Great, where a serpent-spirit with nine heads lived. The spirit appeared to the king disguised as a woman and the king had to sleep with her every night in the tower before he joined his wives and concubines in another part of the palace. If the king missed even one night it was believed he would die.Northern-Southern Khleang, beginning 11th Century: It is mainly believed that the two buildings have been storehouses. But other sources are saying that these buildings have been reception halls for receiving foreign dignitaries.

Temple of the Koh Ker time, 921-944. Although this temple look small and somewhat undistinguished from the outside, It contains some remarkable brick sculptures on its interior walls which stand alone as unique examples in Khmer art. The interiors of two of the five towers have sculptures depicting Vishnu and his consort, Lakshmi, The scene in the central tower is the most impressive one.but both are exceptional in stature and quality of workmanship. This temple was reconstructed by the French and given a new foundation, interior walls and drains. Much of the external brickwork was replaced with carefully made reproductions which are marked with the letters CA (Conservation D'Angkor).

King Rajendravarman II Pre Rup Rup was called the "City of the East" by Philippe Stern, the Assistant Curator of the Musee Guimet in Paris. The boldness of the architectural design is superb and gives the temple fine balance, scale and proportion. The temple is close in style to the East Mebon, although it was build several year later. It is a temple mountain symbolizing Mount Meru.

Jayavarman VII. The stone causeway across the board moat surrounding the city of Angkor Thom with their unique gopuras, are one of the great sights at Angkor. The Southern Gate is flanked by a row of 54 stone figures on each side, Gods to the left and demons to the right, to make a total of 108 mythical beings guarding the gate to the city.

Early 13th century: Jayavarman VII.This temple was left untouched by archaeologists,except for the clearing of a path for visitors. Because of its natural state, it is possible to experience some of the wonder of the early explorers, when they came upon this monuments in the middle of the 19th century. The monastic complex of Ta Prohm is one of the largest sites at Angkor. A Sanskrit inscription of stone, tells us that it took 79365 people to maintain the temple, including 18 high priest, 2740 officials, 2202 assistance and 615 dancers.

Beginning of 11th century: Takeo is one of the great temple-mountains at Angkor. It was never completed and the reason is unknown, although the death of the king may well have had something to do with it. One theory also suggests that work was halted because the temple was struck by lightning. Had it been finished, Takeo, undoubtedly, would have been one of the finest temples at Angkor. A gallery was situated on a second base and had a roof of brick (now destroyed), also for the first time. Enormous blocks of greenish - grey sandstone were cut to a regular size and placed in position. The absence of decoration at Takeo gives it simplicity of design that separates it from the other monuments.



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